Teologías protestantes y el problema del espacio sagrado. Relaciones divino-humanas en las capillas e iglesias norteamericanas desde 1945

Jeanne Halgren Kilde

Resumen


La expresión espacio sagrado, que sugiere un entorno espiritualmente evocador impregnado de presencia divina o trascendente, se aplica actualmente a casi todos los lugares religiosos, incluyendo casi todas las iglesias y capillas cristianas. Sin embargo, los sucesivos líderes protestantes de la Reforma se opusieron vigorosamente a tal comprensión de la relación de Dios con el espacio de culto creado por humanos. Para ellos, Dios no era inmanente en espacios o edificios específicos. ¿Cómo es que los protestantes llegaron a abrazar la idea del espacio sagrado y a aplicarlo a sus propias iglesias? Este ensayo explora el concepto de espacio sagrado y su relación con la arquitectura protestante, centrándose en la segunda mitad del siglo XX, un período en el que se produjo una transformación significativa a esta relación. El ensayo afirma que las transformaciones culturales, teológicas y académicas que ocurrieron en los Estados Unidos en el período posterior a la Segunda Guerra Mundial, dieron como resultado el desarrollo de una visión universalizada de lo sagrado que sirvió de soporte a nuevos espacios religiosos, particularmente capillas destinadas a acomodar a varias tradiciones de fe, que a su vez ayudaron a avanzar en esa visión. Tanto las ideas como los edificios reflejaban un creciente interés por la espiritualidad personal y nuevas comprensiones de la relativa inmanencia y trascendencia de Dios.

Palabras clave


Teologías protestantes, espacio sagrado, capillas, iglesias, arquitectura moderna en EEUU.

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Referencias


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Actas del Congreso Internacional de Arquitectura Religiosa Contemporánea | e-ISSN 2340-5503 | Última edición Santiago de Chile 2017